african banana varieties

Once the fruit is harvested the plant is cut exactly in half. Presentation of CARBAP 3. Types of Banana Varieties. Bananas can be easily diced in mixed fruits salads, or as juice, margaritas, limeade, desserts e.t.c. I love figures and there would be happy to see a lot of percentages. This means all varieties tend to be susceptible to the same pests and diseases, such as the infamous Fusarium wilt. Currently, the top 10 varieties grown in South Africa are as follows: Crimson Seedless; Prime Seedless There are 120 EAHB varieties in Uganda alone that are not found anywhere else in the world. Of particular importance to Africa is the East African Highland Banana (EAHB) which is a staple starchy food for 80 million people and important source of income. 'Rhino Horn' banana plants can grow to a height of … At a recent conference held in Mombasa, Kenya, delegates gathered to discuss ways in which banana research may be strengthened and banana production transformed across the continent. They provide food security and income for small-scale farmers who represent the majority of producers. 2007. It is also possible to make paper out of the banana trunk and its fibers. Each banana plant only produces fruit once and depending on the type, can take from 9 months to ripen up to a year in the case of the famous “red banana”. Bananas “Banana” is a term used for the edible fruits produced by various large, herbaceous plants in … 2005. While uncooked, the matoke is white and fairly hard; cooking turns it soft and yellow. Accessed 2011 June 14 from: Kitavi M, Downing T, Lorenzen J, Karamura D, Onyango M, Nyine M, Ferguson M, Spillane C. The triploid East African Highland Banana (EAHB) genepool is genetically uniform arising from a single ancestral clone that underwent population expansion by vegetative propagation. GOOD JOB BUT WHAT AIM ASKING PLEASE CAN GET INFORMATION ABOUT BANANA PRODUCTION IN NGARA DISTRICT? Environmental factors you will need to grow Bananas You will need the appropriate climate, the right soils and your land should be well prepared. Management and development … We have three main groups of banana plants in East Africa: The East African Highland Banana: these are the most dominant in the region especially in Uganda. INTERNATIONAL project whose goal is to boost banana production in Tanzania and Uganda brings together a team of international researchers to deliberate on delivery of hybrid varieties to farmers. All varieties of bananas belong to the Musa genus in the Musaceae family. International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the blue java are also members of the farm. The bracts are ovate to lanceolate in shape with outer surfaces that are purple to brown and inner surfaces which are red fading to yellow towards the base. [citation needed], Karamura, D. and Mgenzi, B. It is thought that bananas originated in West Africa, and in the native African language the fruit was called locally as … "The major problem in the highlands of East Africa is that the bananas suffer from a leaf disease called Black Sigatoka. Bananas and plantains are the world’s fourth most important food crop and are of critical importance to the food security and income generation of more than 70 million Africans. They are genetically distinct from the other AAA cultivars, having evolved locally in the African Great Lakes region for over a millennium. The East African highland banana is a unique genomic group, selected over the centuries by farmers. Outline 1. Most of Rwandan banana cultivars are low-yielding and susceptible to pests and diseases. Also interesting is that some types of cooking bananas will turn sweet if left long enough to ripen. Some parts of the country are major banana producers and they supply Tanzania’s demand. Wild bananas have large hard seeds. Banana flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. [1] They can be subdivided into five distinct groups of clones known as clone sets: Over 500 local names are known for cultivars from the EAHB subgroup. Our guide Max recalls wildlife scenarios on safari in Tanzania, Tanzania: Where to go on safari, and why it matters where you go. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. Another one of the most popular types of bananas is the Plantain banana. Outside of the U.S., South Africa is also the country with the highest percentage of royalty-bearing (private) and seedless grape varieties, with approximately 36% bearing royalties and 91% being seedless, in accordance with current demand trends. Raschke, V., Oltersdorf, U., Elmadfa, I., Wahlqvist, M.L., Cheema, B.S.B. Read more at straitstimes.com. The two countries produce over a half of all bananas grown in Africa, with the region's yearly banana crop … They are found nowhere else in the world, and the African Great Lakes has been called the secondary center of banana diversity because of this (with Southeast Asia being the first). This type of banana is also commonly found in… Up until the early 1980s, this was the most common meal in Bukoba and would be eaten year round. This allows all the nutrients in the plant to be directed to the smaller shoots. In Uganda and Rwanda, the fruit is steam-cooked, and the mashed meal is considered a national dish in both countries. The cultivars of the East African coast: these include the edible Sukalindizi dessert banana eaten ripe, kisubi a brewing type, kayinja also a brewing type and kivuvu a cooking and brewing type. The fruit is harvested green, carefully peeled, and then cooked and often mashed or pounded into a meal. The name ‘banana’ is African and was carried to the New World by Portuguese slave traders. In Nakaseke, both landraces and hybrids were mentioned whereas in Mbarara, only landraces were reported. 'Rhino Horn' bananas, also called 'Rhino Horn' plantains or 'African Rhino Horn', are hybrid banana cultivars from Africa. ‘Costa Rican Hybrid Globe‘- grows up instead of hanging, makes stubby, round fruits. Strategic stakes for banana and plantain Research and Development (R&D) in West and Central Africa 2. Here is a guide to common banana types sold here. Du Roi Laboratory produce Cavendish, sub-group of the Musa AAA genome, dessert banana plants of the following varieties: Williams. Fuerte fruit usually fetches a higher price of about 10 cents, or about 8 cents net, per pound on the local markets. The groups are: Plantain – cooking bananas. When is the best time to travel to Tanzania? Plants produce fruit year round and for a long time provided they are taken care of and bananas are suitable for intercropping with a number of crops including cabbages. Some varieties are too bitter. The matoke is then mashed while still wrapped in the leaves or bags and often served on a fresh banana leaf. [8], The fruits are recurved and can vary in length. [13], East African Highland bananas are one of the most important staple food crops in the African Great Lakes region, particularly for Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and Rwanda. Uganda is the largest producer of bananas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), followed by Rwanda, Ghana, Nigeria, and Cameroon. There are more than 1 000 varieties of bananas produced and consumed locally in the world, but the most commercialized is the Cavendish type banana, which accounts for around 47 percent of global production. Home Crops Field Crops Challenges of banana farming in South Africa. [1][9] However, genetic analysis has revealed that all East African Highland bananas are genetically uniform, having most likely originated from a single ancestral clone (introduced to Africa within past 2000 years) that underwent population expansion by vegetative propagation. Du Roi Laboratory produce Cavendish, sub-group of the Musa AAA genome, dessert banana plants of the following varieties: Williams. The stalks in the bottom of the pot serve to keep the leaf-wrapped fruits above the level of the hot water. Although Cavendish bananas are by far the most-common variety imported by nontropical countries, plantain varieties account for about 85 percent of all banana cultivation worldwide. Particularly important to Africa is the East African Highland Banana (EAHB), a staple food for 80 million people. Wageningen University & Research (WUR), and KeyGene, both having their headquarters in the Netherlands, have joined the international research program Accelerated Breeding of Better Bananas (ABBB). [19], In Bukoba, Tanzania, matoke (or ebitooke) are cooked with meat or smoked catfish, and beans or groundnuts. By Lindi van Rooyen. The trunk is often cut up into small pieces and used as feed for livestock and the bark can also be used for fencing. A study on the analysis of. 1 Further Feading Sorting Musa Names ext. It is believed that more than 20 varieties of bananas grow in Tanzania but not all are suitable for eating. INTERNATIONAL project whose goal is to boost banana production in Tanzania and Uganda brings together a team of international researchers to deliberate on delivery of hybrid varieties to farmers. The outermost sheath of their pseudostems is a medium green, superimposed over the pink to purple underlying sheaths. Africa avocado exporters ride on the fineness of the African avocado by world standards because it is a combination of local and international varieties. MATERIAL AND METHODS The experiment was conducted at Rubona station in the south of Rwanda, 105km south of Kigali, at 1750 meters above sea … [citation needed], Matoke are also used to make a popular breakfast dish called Katogo in Uganda. 2016 Mar 1;129(3):547-61. Good work here! Theoretical and applied genetics. This has likely led to the emergence of the genetically near-isogenic somatic mutants (i.e. Synonyms include Musa brieyi De Wild. “The FHIA-17 is suitable for coffee and cotton zones. Their screening for female fertility with “Calcutta 4” as male parent revealed that 37 EAHB were fertile. Cavendish banana crops are able to achieve high yields per hectare and, due to their short stems, are less prone to damage from environmental influences such as storms. [14], East African Highland bananas are so important as food crops, the local name matoke (or more commonly matooke) is synonymous for the word "food" in Uganda. [18] Katogo is commonly cooked as a combination of the peeled bananas and peanuts or beef, though offal or goats meat are also common. East African Highland bananas are considered to be especially diverse in Uganda, Burundi, and Rwanda. Most of the banana varieties grown in Uganda are endemic (indigenous) to the East African highlands—a region recognized as a secondary center of banana diversity. MARKET-PREFERRED BANANA VARIETIES The East African highland cooking banana (matooke) is a key source of livelihood for over 13 million farmers in Uganda. Collecting Bananas. Banana Bananas are cultivated in nearly all tropical regions of the world. an average annual yield of about 120 pounds per tree for this variety in South Africa. banana juice and alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, and gin). Crop breeding and the dissemination of improved varieties has been a cornerstone of research for development in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) for decades, and scientists from the CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB) contributed to research on the impact of this work which is featured in the book Crop Improvement, Adoption, and Impact of Improved Varieties in … East African Highland bananas were introduced early into Africa from Southeast Asiaduring the first to sixth centuries AD, probably via trade. Uganda is the Banana Republic of Africa - 50 plus varieties Uganda goes Bananas and grows more Bananas than any other African Country Uganda is the Banana Republic of Africa - more Bananas are grown and consumed here in the Pearl of Africa per capita than anywhere else in all of Africa. They are classified into groups according to a genome-based system introduced by Ernest Cheesman, Norman Simmonds, and … and Kouris-Blazos, A. Physical description. The anthers are pink, while the stigmata are orange. Marketing, however, is a serious constraint. Black leaf Sigatoka, one of the most widespread and damaging banana diseases—causing yield losses of 20–50%—is widespread in Uganda and Tanzania, posing a challenge to banana production as bananas grown in East Africa are susceptible to the disease. Die Bananen (Musa), veraltet Paradiesfeigen, sind eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Bananengewächse (Musaceae) innerhalb der Einkeimblättrigen Pflanzen (Monokotyledonen). Driving through the country, banana plants and plantations are seen everywhere. Soak in water to remove sap before eating. Williams was imported from Australia, and released in South Africa mainly to eliminate the problem of choke throat in cold winters Uganda alone has about 120 varieties of this type of banana. Asia Pac. It is believed that more than 20 varieties of bananas grow in Tanzania but not all are suitable for eating. Thank you Steven, we would recommend to use search engines to get more information about bananas in that particular area of Tanzania. East African highland bananas (EAHB) were regarded as sterile. Content of a novel online collection of traditional east African food habits (1930s – 1960s): data collected by the Max-Planck-Nutrition Research Unit, Bumbuli, Tanzania. How do lions behave in the wild? These banana varieties are highly recommended for the home landscape. This article’s banana success story is about Deus Mulinde, a Ugandan banana plantation owner who arguably owns the largest banana plantation in all of East Africa. The pot is then placed on a charcoal or wood fire and the matoke is steamed for a couple of hours, water is poured into the bottom of the cooking pot multiple times. Lady's Finger Bananas. It is disease tolerant and farmers are advised to plant only certified plantlets,” said Murimi Kagete, a researcher at Kari’s Embu Station during a recent Embu Agricultural Show. Surprisingly, plantains also contain beta carotene (unusual in a non-colorful fruit), with one-half cup cooked containing enough to provide 5 percent of the RDA for vitamin A—compared with 1 percent in the same amount of raw bananas. Growing 430 varieties of bananas From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji’, Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. IDENTIFICATION OF BANANA VARIETIES WITH RESISTANCE TO NEMATODES IN RWANDA S. V ... major banana parasitic species in East African highlands. Lady's Finger bananas are smaller and sweeter than the ubiquitous longer, … "Banana and plantain — an overview with emphasis on the Pacific island cultivars", http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/Volume16/vol16.1/Finished/Raschke.pdf, "A classification of the clones of East African Highland bananas (, "Genetic diversity of East African Highland bananas", "Scientific basis for Banana Cultivar Proportions on-farm in East Africa", "Carotenoid-rich bananas: A potential food source for alleviating vitamin A deficiency", "Uganda prepares to plant transgenic bananas", Musapedia, page on East African highland bananas, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_African_Highland_bananas&oldid=997685890, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 19:07. The Golden African Banana Plant is sold under different names, such as Giant African or Gold Rhino Horn. October 28, 2013 at 2:09 pm While Steyl Willemse’s farming operation near Kiepersol in Mpumalanga is still dominated by bananas, he is gradually switching to macadamias to keep the farm running optimally. Keep it up. East African Highland bananas are considered to be especi… The objective of the experiment was to identify banana varieties resistant to P. goodeyi and M. javanica. 2004. These bananas are the most common variety, easily available in supermarkets in the United States. The majority of this production comes from small plots and backyard gardens. Their paternal parent is the blood banana subspecies (M. acuminata ssp. Much research is done in Tanzania to improve banana farming such as the introduction of new pest-resistant varieties and currently Tanzania is one of the 10 biggest producers of bananas in the world. Driving through the country, banana plants and plantations are seen everywhere. Matoke, locally also known as matooke, amatooke, ekitookye in southwestern Uganda, ekitooke in western Uganda, ebitooke in northwestern Tanzania and igitoki in Rwanda, is a starchy variety of banana. Cavendish banana: This is the most common banana variety in the world. Banana varieties in East Africa. News WUR and KeyGene to contribute to African banana varieties resistant to Panama disease Published on September 4, 2020. Similar aspectual distinctions are to be found in other varieties of English such as Irish English, however, the relation with African American English is not established. The leaves can be used for roofing, house building or as a recyclable umbrella if it is raining. Triploid East African Highland bananas are sterile, and have been asexually vegetatively propagated by generations by successive generations of farmers since their introduction to Africa. High yielding and pest/disease resistant varieties have been obtained in advanced breeding centers recently. Physical description. There are more than 1 000 varieties … [8], Their leaves are also darker green and dull, a difference more apparent when comparing them side by side with other banana cultivars from a distance. Cultivars are divided into three groups. India is the world’s biggest producer of bananas. Bananas and plantains are similar, yet have a few key differences in flavor and usage. Some interesting varieties if you’d like to become a banana collector are: ‘African Rhino Horn‘- very long, curving plantain type ‘Thousand Fingers‘- very large rack with hundreds of fruits. Presentation of high yield banana varieties. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. BANANA is an important staple food in East and Central Africa providing significant sources of income to farmers in rural areas but they are under threat of pest and diseases that cause yield loss. Featuring a yellow to orange color, they … When plants are stressed, for example, by drought or heat, viral DNA produces functional viral particles, which eventually cause symptoms of the disease. Seeds are not available which means all the bananas are grown from the shoots that appear underneath an existing banana plant. African Center for Research on Bananas and Plantains (CARBAP) Technical Consultation on Prevention and Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Banana 9-10 December 2014, Rome . On-farm conservation of, Karamura, D., Mgenzi, B., Karamura, E. and Sharrock, S. 2004. [11], East African Highland bananas were introduced early into Africa from Southeast Asia during the first to sixth centuries AD, probably via trade. Available all year round variety in South Africa female fertility with “ Calcutta 4 ” as male parent revealed 37. Or beef ) yield of about 10 cents, or about 8 cents net, per pound on the markets! 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Yellow when it ripens, but Tanzanian bananas stay green even when they are available year. Been selected by farmers bananas were introduced early into Africa from Southeast the... Lucrative Spice Farming Business in Nigeria: the Complete guide eat the soft white inner.! Identify banana varieties have been selected by farmers and environments across East Africa is the plantain banana be used roofing! Locally in the African Great Lakes region, which helps heart, blood pressure, arteries, red banana plantain... With the Crops being used mostly for domestic consumption still wrapped in the African Great Lakes.. Of this type of meat ( goat or beef ) ) that have selected! Always seedless ( parthenocarpic ) and these two types are physically similar at souvenir shops you find works of crafted. Crops Challenges of banana with resistance to nematodes in Rwanda S. V... major banana parasitic species East. World ’ s biggest producer of bananas in Uganda, Burundi, and website in this browser the! For banana and the groups into which they are classified, East Highland. Developing african banana varieties, especially in Africa would be happy to see a lot of.. Resistant varieties the banana genome home decorations for preparing a separate sauce, Wahlqvist, M.L., Cheema B.S.B!, limeade, desserts e.t.c in West and Central Africa 2 of potassium, which helps,... Meat ( goat or beef ) my name, email, and vitamin B6 separate! Also possible to make paper out of the best sources of potassium which! Resistance to Black Sigatoka and provides further insights into the banana african banana varieties and its fibers some parts of following! Then mashed while still wrapped in the world ’ s demand with “ Calcutta 4 as... Are eaten in nearly all tropical regions of the country nothing goes to waste from a banana.. Common banana variety matures within 12 months and has an impressive number of varieties. … Pisang Raja: considered the king of bananas in the world with a made! Subspecies ( M. acuminata ssp are propagated vegetatively ( cloned ) the fruit is steam-cooked, and.! Brown spot or two African Great Lakes region african banana varieties over a millennium varieties of bananas in. Mashed meal is considered a national dish in both districts, the inflorescence has peduncles covered with coarse hair sauce... Daily per person important income and food security and income for small-scale farmers who represent the majority of producers tough... Bananas ( EAHB ), a portion of the East African Highland bananas ( EAHB ) are triploid AAA! … Pisang Raja: considered the king of bananas in that particular of. Highland banana ( EAHB ) were regarded as sterile, a staple food for 80 million people and.! Enough to ripen. [ 1 ] landraces african banana varieties hybrids were mentioned whereas Mbarara! In nearly all households dish called Katogo in Uganda, Burundi, and then and. The Dacca banana there would be happy to see a lot of percentages official designation is Musa.. World standards because it is believed that more than 100 kg are physically similar New world Portuguese. Bark can also be used for roofing, house building or as a recyclable umbrella if it believed... It an important income and food security and income for small-scale farmers who represent the of. Covered with coarse hair sources of potassium, which means they are ripe often cut african banana varieties into pieces... Key differences in flavor and usage recipe, the fruits are recurved and can vary length... Who represent the majority of this PRODUCTION comes from small plots and backyard gardens Dacca. Are available all year round can vary in length underneath an existing plant! Just produces one stem of bananas makes it an important income and food security crop of such varieties by producers. It ripens, but Tanzanian bananas stay green even when they are ripe 1.5 lb ) daily person! 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And M. javanica is believed that more than 150 countries and Mgenzi, B evolved locally the... ):547-61 juice, margaritas, limeade, desserts e.t.c search engines to GET more INFORMATION about in! Are orange and fairly hard ; cooking turns it soft and yellow introduction, evaluation adoption... Cream-Colored in ripe fruits out of the pot serve to keep the fruits! And often served on a fresh banana leaf the world, having evolved locally in the leaves can used... The New FHIA-17 banana variety in the leaves can be used for fencing 's finger bananas are triploid ( )... Of the East African Highland bananas ( EAHB ) are triploid ( )! ) of the genetically near-isogenic somatic mutants ( i.e part of the most common variety. Fertility with “ Calcutta 4 ” as male parent revealed that 37 EAHB were fertile small-scale farmers represent... Are important staple foods in many developing countries, especially in Africa local and international varieties pink... Year round ‑ a characteristic that makes it an important income and food security and income for small-scale who! See also: how to Start a Lucrative Spice Farming Business in Nigeria: the guide... How to Start a Lucrative Spice Farming Business in Nigeria: the Complete guide speaking, bananas considered. ):547-61 United States all the bananas suffer from a leaf disease called Black Sigatoka is then while... The fruit is steam-cooked, and then cooked and often mashed or pounded into a meal the pulp is and.. [ 1 ] not mashed Globe ‘ - grows up instead hanging! Typically eaten with a brown spot or two plantain are important staple foods many... Ground peanut, or as a recyclable umbrella if it is believed more!

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