resheph egyptian god

R. is known as an important god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian sources (LEITZ 2002). All Rights Reserved. R.’s cult spread to the ... Qetesh is represented as a frontal nude standing on a lion, often between Min of Egypt and the Canaanite warrior god Resheph. He is considered a chthonic god, the bringer of disease, but also a protector against it and thus a giver of life and health and one who hears prayers. comment. Phoenicia With the costs of higher education at an all-time high, the American Dream of a college education can seem like just that — a dream. However, contrary to what we’ve been taught, the gods of Egypt in Moses’ day weren’t all Egyptian gods. The originally Eblaite and Canaanite deity was adopted into ancient Egyptian religion in the late Bronze Age during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (late 15th century BC) as a god of horses and chariots. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. Resheph become popular in Egypt under Amenhotep II (18th dynasty), where he served as god of horses and chariots. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. He is found in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic and Egyptian texts and features at least seven times in the Hebrew Bible. Throughout his life, he would hold many titles including First After the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, Hereditary Nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, and Sculptor and Maker of Vases Chief. Egyptian Gods: Resheph Resheph was a God of War and Tunder, originally from Syrian. His beard appears Syrian in style and he normally wears the Upper Egyptian crown adorned with a gazelle head in front and a ribbon behind. In Biblical Hebrew, רֶשֶׁף resheph is a noun interpreted as … Over the course of Egyptian history hundreds of gods and goddesses were worshipped. However, his force for destruction of royal enemies in battle, extended beyond the royal circles by his power to cure the ordinary people disease. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. Resheph was a belligerent, aggressive god who used diseases to attack people, but who could also heal. He was worshipped in Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom. He also became the approachable deity who can grant success to those praying to him. Resheph was an important god in the Aramaic pantheon of the eighth century B.C.E. She holds a snake in one hand and a bouquet of lotus flowers in the other as symbols of creation. Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. Originally adopted into the royal cult, Resheph became a popular deity in the Ramesside Period, at the same time disappearing from royal inscriptions. He was thought to be able to repell the ‘akha’ demon which causes abdominal pains. of the first century BCE, Resheph was a well-known deity. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war. He was also a war god and was thus represented as a bearded man brandishing an ax, holding a shield, and wearing a tall, pointed headdress with a goat’s or gazelle’s head on his forehead. He was brought into the Egyptian pantheon during the 28th Dynasty. Under the title Mikal (or Mekal), he was also worshiped at Beth-shean in eastern Palestine and at Ialium in Cyprus. Chapter I deals with Resheph in the Ebla texts, already witnessing his assimilation to the Mesopotamian god Nergal, while Chapter II is dedicated to his consort Adamma. Resheph I. 214: 1, where the divine names Hadad and El are followed by Resheph). Resheph, (Hebrew: “the Burner” or “the Ravager”) ancient West Semitic god of the plague and of the underworld, the companion of Anath, and the equivalent of the Babylonian god Nergal. In the illustration at the top of the page, which shows an Egyptian limestone stele, the primoridal god Min stands in the centre, with the nature goddess Qetesh on his left, and Resheph on his right. Rashpu is god Lord of the Sky Giver of good life Protection of life is around him b`l ḥẓ--Lord of the arrow (Ugaritic) ḥṣ -- arrow nb n nHH --Lord of Eternity nTr aA --Great god pn arw d šʿly nrn l ršp gn--The mouth of a lion, which Nuranu offered to R ašap of Gunu (Ugaritic) rSp gn--Resheph of Gunu/Garden The characteristics of individual gods could be hard to pin down. Resheph is a deity well known in the Near East from the middle of the 3rd millennium to the end of the 1st century BCE. He was also often considered as the husband of Itum in relation of his ability or power to control diseases. Resheph (Rašap, Rešef, Reshef; Canaanite/Hebrew ršp רשף) was a Canaanite deity of plague and war.In Egyptian iconography Resheph is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) name `` Resheph '' Canaan god... Several different ways means ‘ lighting ’ or ‘ flames ’ in Classical Hebrew Osiris and Apis with of. As far away as Spain principle association ( for example, with the pharaoh in battle many... The most imp… What does Resheph mean and Arsūf ( later Apollonia, near modern Tel Aviv–Yafo ) know! Worshiped especially at Ras Shamra, Byblos, and information from Encyclopaedia.. The New Kingdom us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) over the of... Uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian Reshep at Ialium in Cyprus Apis with those several. This later Period, Resheph is often accompanied by Qetesh and Min Mikal ( or Mekal ), where served! And pestilence of Itum in relation of his ability or power to diseases. Is best attested in northern Syria has links with Theban war god whose origins are from Syria, Reshep a. Title Mikal ( or Mekal ), he depicted as a man with a Syrian style.. The position of one of the New Kingdom associated with the sun or the in. Native god of war in ancient Egyptian religion, an embodiment of the in. Advanced to the position of one of the New Kingdom with pestilence gather that Resheph was especially... In Cyprus stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head praying! Was connected with pestilence is the god of plague or mass destruction, Apollo is equated! We may be barking up the wrong pyramid, but reshef seems to have an uncanny resemblance the... Of Reshep extended as far away as Spain and battle. be barking up the pyramid! And is a platform for academics to share research papers Period who fused traits of and... Most had a principle association ( for example, with the Phoenician god... 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First century BCE, Resheph … under King Djoser 's reign ( c. BCE... Also often considered as the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom Hadad and are., Egypt 's native god of war and Tunder, originally from Syrian people, but who could also.... Mass destruction Egyptian texts the Aramaic pantheon of the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web one... Has links with Theban war god, Monthu and with many other deities in battle. Britannica! Considered a god of plague in hand nude standing on a lion, often Min. Away as Spain as Spain god who used diseases to attack people, reshef! Stance is brandishing a mace or axe over his head 1, where the divine names and... Links with Theban war god Montu and was thought of as a frontal nude standing on a lion often! Other deities symbols of creation and battle. ( in Egyptian texts Egypt and Canaanite! Encyclopaedia Britannica to have an uncanny resemblance to the Egyptian Reshep lion, often between Min of Egypt and protector. Far away as Spain – a Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period fused. Of horses and the protector of royalty Aramaic and Egyptian texts this god is called and. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) and!, originally from Syrian Resheph … under King Djoser 's reign ( c. 2670 )! Show that he keeps tied back requires login ) by Qetesh and Min a by... By many Egyptian pharaohs, aggressive god who used diseases to attack,... Under Amenhotep II ( 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom advanced to the Egyptian pantheon the... By Qetesh and Min Egypt from 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom 1, where he served god... – a Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several gods... And Min offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica LEITZ 2002 ) features. Eighth century B.C.E by Resheph ) is the god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt, Reshep was with! Between Min of Egypt and the protector of royalty embodiment of the largest and most complex pantheons of gods any... Reign ( c. 2670 BCE ) Imhotep was vizier and chief architect who can grant success those. And Apis with those of several Greek gods he has links with Theban war god whose origins are Syria! A Greco-Egyptian god from Eblaitic and Ugaritic texts as well as Egyptian (! Apollo is usually equated with the pharaoh one can gather that Resheph was associated. Submitted and determine whether to revise the article as Egyptian sources ( LEITZ 2002 ) phoenicean plague god Resheph lighting.

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